Drosophila fly article dating before 1950
Prior to Mendel, Imre Festetics, a Hungarian noble, who lived in Kőszeg before Mendel, was the first who used the word "genetics." He described several rules of genetic inheritance in his work The genetic law of the Nature (Die genetische Gesätze der Natur, 1819).
The father of genetics is Gregor Mendel, a late 19th-century scientist and Augustinian friar.William Bateson, a proponent of Mendel's work, coined the word genetics in 1905).Bateson both acted as a mentor and was aided significantly by the work of female scientists from Newnham College at Cambridge, specifically the work of Becky Saunders, Nora Darwin Barlow, and Muriel Wheldale Onslow.Gene structure and function, variation, and distribution are studied within the context of the cell, the organism (e.g.dominance), and within the context of a population.
Although this pattern of inheritance could only be observed for a few traits, Mendel's work suggested that heredity was particulate, not acquired, and that the inheritance patterns of many traits could be explained through simple rules and ratios.